technology and unemployment

 

I have read some articles in about 20 websites about “technology and unemployment” and now I want to write the short summary and post some of the suitable charts and info graphic which I found in those websites to share with you.

 

unemployment and tech

 

These are the questions:

  •  Is technology against the employment?

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of technology in workplace?

Some jobs – currently being performed humans – could legitimately be replaced computer programs, algorithms or robots.[1]A third of the 2030 workforce in the U.S. and Germany may need to learn new skills, along with nearly half in Japan.[2]

Zeira (1998) has shown that machines that replace labour in some tasks make labour in other tasks more productive, so the demand for labour increases. In a sequence of papers, Acemoglu and Restrepo (2018a, 2018b among others) show that if technology creates new tasks in addition to automation, it increases the demand for labour and keeps the rate of unemployment from rising.[3]

Technological advances mainly threaten lower-skill industries with tasks in the service sector becoming especially vulnerable to automation. As a result, countries on the EU’s periphery are most at risk of computerisation, given Bruegel’s argument that computerisation will impact low-skill and low-wage jobs. [4]

Although,replacing a cheap worker with an expensive robot may just not pay off in many situations.[5]

Technology has usually replaced work regarded as ‘easy’13. However, as technology advances, the definition of ‘easy work’ broadens. The type of work reserved for humans (anything beyond ‘easy work’) requires more brainpower, training and specialisation than before. This acts as a barrier to those displaced technology from finding safe, long term employment because of the entry requirements of the ‘harder’ jobs (such as higher levels of retraining to update their skills).  These barriers will also make it more difficult for new entrants to the labour market. Some people will simply lack the natural abilities and training required to meet the higher requirements of the new workforce.[6]

increasing jobs

Loss of Interpersonal Communication Skills

Cell phones, email, texting and social media have largely replaced face-to-face communications. One short meeting or conversation can eliminate multiple text messages, phone calls or emails. The ability to choose the people you interact with, as on Facebook or Twitter, isn’t an option in the workplace, whether dealing with fellow workers or with clients. Interpersonal communications, critical to building business relationships, are more complicated and require courtesies and listening skills not necessary in social media.[7]

Based on growth in the working-age population, labour force participation rates, and unemployment, about three quarters of a billion jobs will need to be created in 2010–2030. The challenges of technological progress as represented automation further raise the number of jobs required. A large proportion of the jobs that are needed will have to be created in low- to low-middle-income countries, which often lack a strong tradition of decent work, compounding the job creation challenge.[8]

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Workplace Tabular Form

Benefits of Technology in the Workplace Cons of Technology in the Workplace
More connectivity It makes a person lazy
The work has reduced a lot Less employment opportunities are there
The work is more accurate and persistence Huge losses if the technology fails to work properly
One can even work without going to the office What human can do, a machine can never do
More work in less time can be done The human talent gets lost
Time and energy is saved The lack of understanding

[9]

 

Robots are set to have a major impact on workforces around the world over the coming years with jobs involving routine manual activity most at risk from automation. In order to gauge how the adoption of advanced robotics will affect the labor market, the Boston Consulting Group carried out a survey of executives and managers from 1,314 global companies in early 2019.

The research found that 67 percent of Chinese companies are expecting a reduction in the number of employees due to automation, along with 60 percent in Poland and 57 percent in Japan. Some companies are more at risk than others with only 34 percent of organizations in Italy expecting reductions comparison [10]

These are some useful charts and info graphics about this subject:

 

  

Sources:

[1]https://www.forbes.com/sites/nigeldavies/2019/03/27/1-5m-jobs-are-at-high-risk-of-automation-but-theres-no-reason-to-panic/#1dc708649bdc

[2]https://www.forbes.com/sites/niallmccarthy/2017/11/30/automation-could-eliminate-73-million-u-s-jobs--2030-infographic/#61ff7e05773d

[3]https://voxeu.org/article/automation-and-unemployment-help-way

[4]http://econintersect.com/b2evolution/blog1.php/2014/08/13/technological-advances-place-old-jobs-at-risk

[5]https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/12/demography-unemployment-and-automation-challenges-in-creating-jobs-until-2030/

[6]https://sevenpillarsinstitute.org/technology-and-unemployment/

[7]https://smallbusiness.chron.com/disadvantages-technology-workplace-20157.html

[8]https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/12/demography-unemployment-and-automation-challenges-in-creating-jobs-until-2030/

[9]https://content.wisestep.com/technology-workplace-pros-cons/

[10]https://www.statista.com/chart/18576/share-of-companies-expecting-employee-reductions-due-to-robotics/

 

 

Leave a Comment